- What is head and neck cancer?  
- How does cancer arise?
- What causes head and neck cancer?  
- Can cancer of the head and neck be cured?  
- Symptoms of head and neck cancer  
- Referral to a specialist
- Diagnosis of head and neck cancer  
- Stage and grade of cancer  
- Treatment for head and neck cancer  
- Follow-up after treatment  
- Clinical trials


Treatment for head and neck cancer

Your doctor will decide on your treatment, depending on the type and size of the cancer, and whether it has spread, also taking into account your age and general health. Your treatment will also depend on whether you have already had treatment for a cancer of the head and neck that has come back (recurred) in the same place or in a different place.

It is important to ask any questions you may have about your treatment. It may help to make a list of questions before you see your doctor and to take a relative or friend with you.

The different types of treatment may be given alone, or in combination with each other. They include:

Some of these treatments (surgery, radiotherapy) can be used only once in one place (such as the mouth or nose), and others (chemotherapy, photodynamic therapy) can be used more than once.

You may find that other people with the same cancer are receiving different treatments from you. This is because the same type of cancer can take different forms that require different treatments. Also, doctors have their own views about treatment. Most doctors will be pleased to refer you to another specialist so that you can obtain a second opinion if you feel this will help you decide what to do.